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The lawsuit filing process for cerebral palsy cases in Kentucky may seem daunting, but armed with the right knowledge and an expert lawyer, you’ll have a fighting chance in obtaining justice. If your child was harmed due to medical mistakes or if they’ve been discriminated against, it’s important to have a basic understanding of the legal steps you need to take.
Types of Lawsuits to File for a Child with Cerebral Palsy in Kentucky
If your child has cerebral palsy, there may be a few reasons to file a lawsuit. There are two main types of cerebral palsy lawsuits or legal actions that may apply:
- Medical malpractice lawsuits. You may submit this kind of trial if you believe you can prove that medical negligence caused or contributed to your child’s disabilities. Medical malpractice means that a doctor or other medical caregiver caused significant harm to a patient by failing to provide an adequate standard of care.
- Discrimination complaints and lawsuits. State laws and federal laws ensure that disabled individuals do not experience discrimination, but it still happens. When those laws are violated, you can get a resolution by filing a complaint with the appropriate government agency. Kentucky also allows for civil lawsuits. You can file a lawsuit against the responsible individual or organization for justice and possibly for damages.
Hiring a Lawyer to Help with the Lawsuit Filing Process
When you are faced with the need to take legal action on behalf of your child, the entire process can feel intimidating and even impossible.
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With a good lawyer there to guide you, and with a better understanding of the filing process, you’ll likely get through it with more confidence.
Start your search for the right lawyer by looking for someone who specializes in these kinds of cases. You should work with a lawyer who has handled similar lawsuits and worked with clients with disabilities.
The bar association for the state can help you with your search, but you may also want to get referrals from any local organizations that work with disabled community members or from other parents you know who have been in similar situations.
How to File a Medical Malpractice Lawsuit in Kentucky
Before launching into the filing process for medical malpractice and a cerebral palsy lawsuit, it’s important to understand the basic details.
An understanding of the laws and the steps you’ll have to go through can make the process a lot easier and less stressful:
- Statute of limitations. Before you can start the lawsuit process, you need to make sure you are within the statute of limitations. According to Kentucky law, you must file a malpractice lawsuit within one year of the negligent incident or one year from when you discovered, it as long as it is no longer than five years from the incident. 
- Discussing damages. Next, you’ll talk to your lawyer about how much you hope to recover in damages for your child. Provide your lawyer with all relevant information, including medical bills and expenses related to caring for your child, even transportation costs to appointments.
- Filing a complaint. Your lawyer will send a detailed complaint to defendants, outlining what you believe happened and the evidence you have for negligence.
- Settlement negotiations. In most cases, defendants are willing to try to settle instead of going to court. Your lawyer will enter into negotiations on your behalf, using evidence and medical bills to try to get you a fair amount of compensation.
- Trial in court. If those negotiations fail, and you have the final say in accepting or rejecting a settlement offer from the defendants, you’ll go to trial. Your lawyer presents your evidence here, along with expert testimony, to prove to the jury that medical negligence occurred and harmed your child. If you win, the jury will decide on a damages amount informed by the amount your lawyer requests.
How to File a Discrimination Complaint in Kentucky
In Kentucky, you can file a complaint to try to resolve discrimination, but you can also file a private, civil lawsuit. Your lawyer can help you decide which process to begin, or if you should do both.
To file a complaint you will likely turn to the Kentucky Commission on Human Rights, although in some cases filing with a federal agency is more appropriate.
The process of filing a complaint begins with providing necessary information to the Commission, which determines if the situation is within their jurisdiction.  The Commission will then offer to help you mediate with the respondent. If this process fails, the Commission can rule on the case after investigating the incident.
For the best outcome in filing a lawsuit, rely on a Kentucky cerebral palsy lawyer. Without this professional to guide you through the process, you may miss steps, make mistakes, and lose the opportunity to get justice for your child.
The process can be long and confusing, but you have better chances of a positive outcome with knowledge and the right lawyer.
- Medical liability/Malpractice statutes of limitation. (2014, March 20). Legislative News, Studies and Analysis | National Conference of State Legislatures.
Retrieved from: https://www.ncsl.org/research/financial-services-and-commerce/medical-liability-malpractice-statutes-of-limitation.aspx
- Understanding the filing complaint process. (n.d.). Kentucky Commission on Human Rights.
Retrieved from: https://kchr.ky.gov/filingcomplaints/Pages/default.aspx