Children with cerebral palsy often drool and have other symptoms associated with the disorder that make them susceptible to various skin diseases and conditions. Skin issues can be infectious or noninfectious, and children with cerebral palsy are prone to both.
What Are Infectious Skin Conditions?
Children with cerebral palsy run the risk of developing infectious skin diseases, which are defined as skin conditions that can be spread to other people. There are four main types of infectious skin conditions, which include:
Viral Skin Conditions
Viral skin conditions occur when there is an infection inside the body. This condition can attack the brain, body tissue, and skin. Viral skin conditions usually go away after the body’s immune system fights it off.
Bacterial Skin Conditions
A bacterial skin infection can develop from numerous reasons, including infection after surgery, impetigo, scratching and irritating the skin, boils, pimples, and staph infections.
Parasitic Skin Conditions
Dust mites, fleas, head lice, and other types of parasites can cause parasitic skin conditions. Parasites can also live in the child’s hair, skin, and/or in the gastrointestinal tract.
What are Non-infectious Skin Conditions?
Non-infectious skin conditions are skin problems that cannot be passed on or transmitted to another person. Children with cerebral palsy can develop non-infectious skin conditions through different ways, including accidents, trauma, and other forms of injuries, as well as through associated conditions of the disorder.
Are There Ways to Prevent My Child From Developing a Skin Condition?
There are numerous things you can do to help make sure your child has the least possible chances of developing skin conditions, whether infectious or non-infectious, which include:
- Make sure your child washes his/her hands often, especially after coughing, sneezing, using the bathroom, and before and after meals.
- Ensure that your child’s bed sheets and blankets are changed and cleaned regularly
- If your child uses adaptive equipment, be certain that the equipment is not only washed and dried regularly, but also fitted properly
- Your child’s skin should always be kept clean, following by moisturizers
- Keep your child’s hair shampooed and cleaned regularly
- If your child wears diapers or any incontinence products, make sure that they are cleaned and changed in a timely manner
- Make sure your child’s circulation is healthy if he/she is not mobile
Treatment for Skin Conditions
In some instances, an over-the-counter medication may be recommended by your child’s doctor, which can help clear up skin issues. However, if the problem is severe, the child may be referred to a dermatologist or other specialists needed for assistance.
Treatment will depend on what type of skin condition your child has and can range from antibiotics to prescription-based topical medications.