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Many children with cerebral palsy need special education assistance while attending school. Numerous special education laws ensure all children with disabilities are provided with individualized education and the accommodations needed to learn in a supportive environment.
What Is Special Education?
Special education is a broad term defined by an array of services provided to children with disabilities who need additional assistance while achieving their educational goals.
Some of the most common special educational services provided to special needs children include:
- Individualized education services (special learning disability assistance)
- Accommodations at schools, such as wheelchair ramps
- In-school services such as counseling and therapy resources
- Emotional counseling and resources (related service)
- Assistive technology (similar service)
Who Qualifies for Special Education?
Any child who has a qualifying disability is eligible for special education assistance. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act provides both State Formula grants and discretionary grants.
The grants are typically limited to students with:
- Health impairments
- Hearing impairments
- Emotional problems
- Physical disabilities
- Brain injuries
- Speech impairment
- Language impairment
- Orthopedic injuries (which covers children with cerebral palsy)
- Mentally challenges
When Can Children With Cerebral Palsy Start Special Education Services?
The government provides special education services to children with disabilities, beginning at the age of onset and ending at age 22. Each child is mandated to have specialized and individualized education to help them thrive and learn.
An Individualized Family Service Plan (FSP) can be created for a child from birth to three years old. Generally, an FSP is developed by gathering information from the child’s physicians and parents to make an individualized plan for each child’s needs.
Once a child turns three, special education teachers, counselors, and disability specialists, in conjunction with parents, create an Individualized Education Plan (IEP). It is a collaborative and ongoing process. Once an IEP is complete, it should have an in-depth, specialized education plan for the child.
Most IEPs should include (if needed) physical therapy, counseling, special education assistance, assistive technology, transportation services, and more.
Once the child reaches adulthood, a Transition Into Adulthood is created, covering educational assistance until the age of 22 while focusing on vocational training. This transition planning should begin around the age of 14.
Nutrition While in School
Children with cerebral palsy and other disabilities may be eligible for free nutritional services at school. Under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), children with disabilities from low-income families are allowed school nutritional services at no cost.
According to the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, “goals related to nutrition therapy, feeding support, feeding therapy, or other nutrition-related goals may be included in Individualized Education Programs.”
IDEA mandates that the following services are provided to children with disabilities:
- Free nutritional consultation for each child
- Specialized food and supplements
- Feeding equipment (if needed)
- Feeding assistance from special education specialists and teachers
- Nutritional services at school for qualified special needs students include complimentary breakfast, free lunch, a summer food program, a milk program, and free snacks.
Eligibility for the nutritional services program includes a family income under the poverty level for your state. Ask for the application at your child’s school’s office.
- State Formula Grants. (n.d.). Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.
Retrieved from: https://sites.ed.gov/idea/state-formula-grants/
- Discretionary Grants. (n.d.). Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.
Retrieved from: https://sites.ed.gov/idea/discretionary-grants/
- Individualized Family Service Plan. (n.d.). The SAGE Encyclopedia of Intellectual and Developmental Disorders.
Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.4135/9781483392271.n250
- Individualized Family Service Plan and Individualized Education Program. (n.d.). The SAGE Encyclopedia of Contemporary Early Childhood Education.
Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.4135/9781483340333.n205
- Ptomey, L. T., & Wittenbrook, W. (2015). Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Nutrition Services for Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and Special Health Care Needs. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 115(4), 593-608.
Retrieved from: https://jandonline.org/article/S2212-2672(15)00121-5/fulltext